Freedom8 Mesoamerica

 





Quelepa
is a product of the cultural developments which happened in Mesoamérica and the Andean Area between 300 and 900 AD. based on the processes of expansion or deteration in both regions. As a result of this the use of the monumental architecture in Honduras and El Salvador expands to cities like Yarumela, Tazumal, El Naranjos and Tenampúa. In these centers, the groups organize around seats and patios delimited by pyramidal structures and palaces. Similar to Mayan centers in the more northern areas the Teotihuacan influence takes place shortly after 300 AD. For example, in the Lempa river they discovered figurenes of molded clay, candlesticks and vases similar to those in the cities of the centeral Mexico. Because of this Quelepa is thought on a commercial route of the Maya following the course of the Ulúa river and the valley of Comayagua in Honduras, and has to connect with sites of the Atlantic coast of Costa Rica. The ceramics and the presence of Mayan hieroglyphs in these zones seem to be in connection with the blossoming of the city of Copán. Nevertheless, most of the ceramics produced during the Early Classic Period is native, predominating the simple decorations of rocking chair printing, scores and incisions forming lines in zigzag, next to the zonal two-color print, sometimes in combination with interjected designs.
Shortly after 600 AD. some events take place that demonstrate the expansionism of the Mayan classic civilizations: the gold coming from Colombia, Panama and southwest of Costa Rica takes over jade as main material of worship and status, the ceramics are assigned with clarity to the Mayan tradition: the Copador type, distributed by Honduras and the west of El Salvador shows an undeniable relation with the Mayan and it even contains seudoglyphics. Also there is connections with this great civilization the Babylonia ceramics of Honduras and Nicaragua, also of the area of Nicoya in Costa Rica, that locate with clarity this region within the southern border of Mesoamérica. Also of extreme importance it is the introduction of the practice of the ballgame in centers of political integration like Quelepa (El Salvador) and the Naranjos (Honduras). The moment at which its practice is introduced, the style of game and the association of yokes and palms found in a ritual deposit in Quelepa, they indicate the allegiance of the zone to a cultural process that characterizes Classic Period in the south of Mesoamérica. Towards the end of the Classic Period Quelepa announced a deep political change. This diffusion of the cultural systems of the north has its counterpart in elements coming from the south.