Freedom8 Mesoamerica

early mid pre


Early through Middle Pre Classic (2000 - 400 BC)

The Early Pre-classic (Early Formative) settlements were little more than three to twenty families positioned just above the blackwater banks of the estuaries and lagoons. These locations gave them an abundance of mangrove oysters, marsh clams, crabs, turtles, and iguana which were caught for their eggs. The lagoons were fished for their gar, snook, porgy and catfish. In the higher tropical forest they cleared land for the planting of corn, beans, squash, and chili's. The preparation of these fields were accomplished by the slash and burn method. This period also gave way to pottery of the same two basic shapes there were made earlier in stone. The globular neck less jar and the flat dish with out slanting sides which are contributed to the Ocos people.

 

The Middle Pre-classic (Middle Formative) settlements of the Highlands and Lowlands were more heavily populated and the stick huts covered in mud on slight platforms remained the primary structures. There was something different happing in the coastal plains of Veracruz. The birth of the Olmec civilization. They built clay pyramid temples and carved large stone heads, made elaborate tombs with figurine offerings, first traces of art, invented writing, and developed the long count calendar. Truly a Mesoamerican 'mother culture' who's ideas spread throughout the Mayan world.


Tlapacoya
is an important archaeological site in Mexico, located at the foot of the Tlapacoya volcano, southeast of
More

Tres Zapolas
-Founded some time in the centuries before 1000 BC, Tres Zapotes emerged as a regional center early in the
More

Laguna de los Cerros
-sprawls over 53 acres atop a hill overlooking Chetumal Bay in northern Belize. Across the bay lies the town of
More

La Venta
-is located on an island, in a sea level coastal swamp, near the Tonala River, about 18 miles inland from the Gulf.
More

Chiapas de Corzo
-at its height during the Late Formative period, was a regional center or capital of the area and
More

Chalcatzingo
is a Mesoamerican archaeological site in the Valley of Morelos dating from the Formative Period of
More
la_democracia
San Lorenzo
is an Olmec period site located in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. San Lorenzo is the name of the central place in
More

Tlatilco
was a large pre-Columbian village in the Valley of Mexico situated near the modern-day town of the same name in the
More

Chalchuapa
is the name of a Maya civilization site in El Salvador, occupied from about 1200 BC to the Spanish conquest.
More

Etlatongo
is an archaeological site in Oaxaca, Mexico. Situated in the Nochixtlán Valley within the Mixteca Alta,
Etlatongo
More

Located in the modern town of the same name in western Morelos. Coatetelco was a medium-sized urban site in the middle
More

Altar de Sacrificios
is located west of Seibal, very near the Río Usumacinta River, on the Mexican border by Chiapas.

More

Yaxha
-means "Green Water" in Mayan and is a former ceremonial center and city of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization.

More

Valley of Mexico
-From the Archaic Period through the Post Classic Period the valley of Mexico has been occupied.

More

Cahal Peck
-means "conch shell" or "snail" and comes from the long winding access road which twists and turns much like the
More

San Jose Mogote
-is a pre-Columbian archaeological site of the Zapotec, a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in the
More

El Pilar
-the Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna is located just north of San Ignacio, on the Belize-Guatemala
More

Monte Alban
-was the ancient capital of the Zapotecs and one of the first cities in Mesoamerica. During it's epoch, it was one of
More

Lamanai
-is one of Belize's largest ceremonial centers. It is also one of the most important. The name "lamanai" comes from the
More

Yagul
-Evidence suggests that Yagul was settled in the beginning of the Monte Alban 1 Period (500 BC). It flourished as an urban
More

Colha
-means "Water Cabbage " in Mayan. Colhá is a relatively minor site in northern Belize that is distinguished for the
More

Dainzu
-from its beginning, during the Middle Pre-Classic Period 600 BC. (Rosary Phase), to end of its time 250 AD.
More

Santa Rita Carsol
-The site of Santa Rita, located in the northern part of Belize, has been occupied throughout the Maya
More

Kaminal juyu
has been described as one of the greatest of all archaeological sites in the New World by Michael Coe.
More

El Tigre
-The occupation in El Tigre dates from Mid Pre-Classic period (BC 600-300), to 1557 AD. The site of El Tigre(the tiger)
More

Dzibilchatun
-is a large site located just north of Merida. The site is one of the oldest known sites in Maya world.
More

Becan
-Means "The Road of the Serpent" in Mayan. Becán was an active city for a very long period of time. Dates as early as
More

Yaxuna
-stands just 20 kilometers south of Chichén Itzá in the heart of the Yucatan. It is a very old city, dating to the
More

Balamku
-or Balam Ku means "House of the Jaguar" in Mayan. It is an early Maya city, was rediscovered in 1991 in the
More

Tak'alik A'baj'
formerly known as Abaj Takalik. is one of several Mesoamerican sites with both Olmec and Maya features. The
More

San José Mogote
is a pre-Columbian archaeological site of the Zapotec, a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in the
More


Mitla
was the second most important ceremonial center after Monte Alban. The name Mitla or Mictlan is of Nahuatl origin
More

Topoxte
is located in what is now Department of Petén in northern Guatemala. It spanned two different time periods, the Pre-
More
valley of mexico la venta san jose mogote monte alban yagul dainzu chiapas de corzo tres zapolas alter de sacrifica yaxha cahol peck el pilar lamanai colha santa rita carasol el tigre becan balamku dzibilchaltun chalchuapa