Freedom8 Mesoamerica

archaic map loltun cave cuella tepexpan teotihuacan altamira la democracia

Archaic Period (7000 - 2000 BC)

As the ice receded and the climate of the world became hotter the grasslands of the New World became deserts. Archaic people needed to travel greater distances for gathering and hunting because the game influenced by the lack of grass and over hunting became fewer in numbers. The Indians of Mexico were forced into the cultivating the first crops of corn, squarsh, beans, chili peppers and grains. Archaic sites such as hunting stations, overnight camp sites, and fishing spots which were scattered across the landscape began to disappear. Technological innovations such as grinding stones and large food storage pits are indicative of longer-term occupations of resource-rich locations. By the middle of the Archaic period, these and other innovations may have even fostered establishment of permanent settlements. These early settlements were villages which grew during the period.

santa luisa
Santa Luisa
-The archaeological site of
Santa Luisa is a multicomponent site located
east of El Tajin in the state of Vera Cruz

Tepexpan-The archaeological site of Tepexpan is known for the 'Tepexpan Man' a human skeleton of a woman

Teotihuecan-The city and the archaeological site was located in what is now the San Juan Teotihuacán municipality in the

Santa Isabel Iztapan
is the location of two imperial mammoth (Mammuthus imperator) finds, one in 1952 and another in


Loltun Cave
-located within the Puuc hills of Yucatan and are open to the public. The massive interconnecting caverns are visited on

la democracia
The site of La Democracia is situated in the de Escuintlá department, on the Pacific coast of Guatemala.

-named for the Rum Distillery which nearly lies within the site itself. Cuello boasts being one of the earliest known Maya

Just south of Tegucigalpa are the Ayasta caves, shallow openings along the side of a canyon which have been decorated with

Pasa de la Amada
-Also known as Altamira was a small village in the lagoon-estuary zone of the Pacific Coast.