Freedom8 Mesoamerica



 

   

El Tajin
means "thunder"; it is not possible to be sure that this is its original name nor that the ancestors of those who live in the region built the city. Nevertheless, they have developed a social and cultural relation with the archaeological site. The architecture of the Tajín is distinguished by the capable handling of niche architectonic element. The niches can be of multiple forms: rectangular, small or great squares or and with or without xicalcoliuhquis (attribute to Quetzalcóatl). Tajín was developed the Classic Period, and arrived at its apogee in the transition to the Post Classic, between 800 and 1150 AD. Tajín was maintained economically with the tribute that the surrounding towns paid in products and services. The city administered both the political and religious relations that at that time were not separated. For that reason, the political figure of 13 rabbit was also the incarnation of Quetzalcóatl, main God of the Tajín, whose figurative and symbolic representation is repetitive in the architecture, the painting and sculpture of the century. Other segments of the population, aside from those of the ruling class and farmer, were the craftsmen and the merchants. The sculpture and painting are associated to the architecture in different types from buildings, relief's coming from the Ball Field, the frescoes of the pyramid, the Niches and the columns of the Temple of the Columns.

Some are still at the site, others in the museum at the entrance of the archaeological zone. Related in the reliefs are historical episodes of the ritual of the ball game or events like in the Temple of the Columns. The paintings and murals are very fragmented, but are praised for their drawing and technical ability.