Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that constitute the republic of Mexico.
Veracruz borders the states of Tamaulipas to the north, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, Tabasco to the southeast, Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosi to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east.
On the coastal plains and throughout most of the state, the climate is hot and humid. On the foothills of the mountains, the climate is cool and humid. The climate only becomes cold in the mountain regions, where it also rains copiously. Veracruz is occasionally affected by hurricanes from November through October.
In pre-Hispanic era, Isla de Sacrificios (Sacrifice Island), was inhabited by the Totonacs and the Olmecs, and was named Chalchihuitlapazco. It was discovered in 1518 by Juan de Grijalva, during the exploration of the Gulf of Mexico. One of the largest islands around Boca del Rio, this site is surrounded by a coral reef.
The settlers who rehabilitated Teayo, in the nineteenth century planned their settlement around the pre-Hispanic Castle or the Pyramid which was the heart and center of the town.
El Tajin or Tajin means "thunder"; it is not possible to be sure this is its original name nor that the ancestors of those who live in the
region built the city. Nevertheless, they have developed
La Mojarra an archaeological site in the Mexican state of Veracruz, situated next to the coast of the gulf of Mexico in a curve of the Acula river. It was occupied since the late formative period (300 B.C.E.) until perhaps 1000 C.E.
Tres Zapoles Founded some time in the centuries before 1000 B.C.E., Tres Zapoles emerged as a regional center early in the Middle Formative period, 900 - 800 B.C.E., roughly coinciding with the decline
Laguna de los cerros was settled in 1400 - 1200 B.C.E.and became a regional center, covering as much as 150 hectares. By 1000 B.C.E., it had nearly doubled in size with 47 smaller sites within a 5 kilometer radius. One of these satellite sites was Llano del Jcaro,
San Lorenzo is an Olmec period site located in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. San Lorenzo is the name of the central place in the larger San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan archaeological region.