Freedom8 Mesoamerica



   


Yaxha means "Green Water" in Mayan and is a former ceremonial center and city of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. Located in the modern-day department of Petén, northern Guatemala, it is approximately 30 km (18.6mi) southeast from Tikal, between the Yahxá and Sacnab lakes, which were considered to be spiritual to the Maya, possibly because they are the color of Jade. It shares a unique relationship with two other cities Nakum and Naranjo; together they form a triangle, in the midst of which there are other minor sites. The site has more than 500 structures, including 40 stelae, 13 Altars, 9 Temple Pyramids, 2 ballcourts, and a network of sacbe that connect the central, northern (Maler), and eastern 'acropoleis', and the Lake causeway that was the main entrance in the past. The top of Temple 216 (restored) provides a view of the two lakes on one side and the jungle and the stepped-pyramids on the other. On Plaza C is the only twin-pyramid complex outside of Tikal, that commemorates a Katun, a 20 years period, there are 7 in Tikal, also known as the stela plaza. The fact that the site holds the twin-pyramid complex can be a visible insight on the political alliances that eventually influenced the architectural style of the city at its peak.
The Temple K is being restored here, at the entrance of the site. The city has 3 main groups, the East Acrópolis built on an elevated platform, is the tallest point of the site and in front of it are several Stelas broken long ago. The main ball court is restored, and located near the Central Acrópolis.
Topoxte outpost of Yaxhá during the Late Classic, is nearby and was the largest Postclassic Maya site in Petén Basin. This site located at the "Yaxhá, Nakum, Naranjo National Park" is today one of the most visited sites in the northeast of the Peten.